Just in case there is any doubt, a federal appeals court in New York City ruled last week that age discrimination is entitled to far less protection under the U.S. Constitution than other types of discrimination.
A three-judge panel on the U.S. District Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit in New York City ruled that age discrimination “does not offend” the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution if it is “rationally related to a legitimate [government] interest. ” They said a law that discriminates on the basis of age must literally be irrational to be unconstitutional. By contrast, federal courts accord race and sex discrimination much more exacting strict and intermediate scrutiny, respectively.
The panel cites Kimel v. Florida Bd. of Regents, an 18-year-old decision by now retired U.S. Supreme Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, who speculated that age discrimination differs from other types of discrimination because:
- Older persons have not been subjected to a “history of purposeful unequal treatment” and,
- “[Old] age also does not define a discrete and insular minority” as the status of old age is one which all persons, regardless or ace or gender, may experience.”